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There are many win ZIP archive programs. 7-Zip is free zip software, full featured, compatible and the zip software I recommend.

Most of you are probably familiar with "ZIP" files, which are compressed archives that pack one or more files into a single file. ZIP files are often a convenient way to distribute large numbers of files and folder structures in a single container.

You're probably also familiar with Windows somewhat cumbersome built-in support for ZIP files, as well as WinZIP, the shareware file compression utility that lets you create and extract files from ZIP formatted archives.

7-zip is a free, open-source utility roughly equivalent to WinZIP, that includes support for multiple file formats as well as a command-line interface.

I highly recommend 7-zip.

Some of you who've been around a little longer may remember the grandfather of the zip file format: PKZip. PKZip was a command-line utility for MS-DOS that, for all intents and purposes, defined the zip file format and its use. It's because of PKZip that zip files became as ubiquitous as they are today.

However, after all this time, there are problems. Both PKZip and WinZIP have gone to shareware models - meaning that they're not free. And neither have particularly good command line support.

Enter 7-zip.

7-zip is roughly equivalent to both WinZip's graphical interface and PKZip's command line. Open up the program within Windows and you can examine, create, and modify archive files, as you might expect.

Here's 7-Zip examining the contents of "", another popular free tool:

7-Zip Windowed Interface

7-Zip supports a full-featured command line, which, in all honesty, is how I use it the most.

7-Zip Command Line Interface

While "zip" files may be the most common among Windows users, there are actually many compressed archive formats. Another of 7-Zip's selling points is that it can create many of them and can read and unpack many more. From 7-Zip's home page:

Supported formats:

  • Packing / unpacking: 7z, ZIP, GZIP, BZIP2 and TAR

  • Unpacking only: RAR, CAB, ISO, ARJ, LZH, CHM, Z, CPIO, RPM, DEB and NSIS

You may not recognize most of those, but when you encounter one knowing that 7-Zip handles it, it can be a very good thing. Here's a partial list of an archive of a MovableType distribution in ".tar" format, a common Unix/Linux archive:

7-Zip Command Line listing of a .tar archive

"...7z format is perhaps the most effective compression format supported."

Note that full paths within the archive are listed. Redirect the output of the 7z command to a file, and you'll have the archive listing in a text file:

[c:\]7z l [archive file name] >listing.txt

I do want to call out one particular archive format: 7z. As its name implies, 7z format is 7-Zip's own compression format. You can see comparative numbers on 7-Zip's home page, but 7z format is perhaps the most effective compression format supported. The claim is that files compressed with 7z format are significantly smaller than when using other formats.

I tend to shy away from 7z format, only because it's unique to 7-Zip; I prefer a format on which I can use other tools should I need to. (Although, as we'll see in a moment, I don't foresee that need.)

7-Zip can also be better at some of the other compression formats than the original tools. That means you may often end up with smaller files even if you choose a more common compression or archival format.

The icing on the cake, for me, is the availability of "p7zip", a compatible command line version of 7zip available for several Linux distributions as well as Mac OSX.

So before plunking down money on any of the other archive tools, I recommend giving 7-Zip a try. It's certainly meeting all my needs, and then some.

Article C2856 - November 28, 2006 « »

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Leo Leo A. Notenboom has been playing with computers since he was required to take a programming class in 1976. An 18 year career as a programmer at Microsoft soon followed. After "retiring" in 2001, Leo started Ask Leo! in 2003 as a place for answers to common computer and technical questions. More about Leo.

Not what you needed?

November 28, 2006 1:34 PM

As my rusty memory recalls, Phil Katz (the "PK" in PKZip) originally crafted a clone of the SEA ARC compression utility called PKARC. SEA sued Phil, so he created his own compression standard - ZIP - in 1989. At the time the computer bulletin board systems were awash with different compression types - ZIP was fast, efficient, and free. BBS operators began to use it in droves. I'll have to give 7-Zip a try!

matt abbatiello
November 29, 2006 10:50 AM

how do i copy a dvd made on a tv with a dvd recorder

November 29, 2006 2:12 PM

ARC is still around. Howard Chu released it on a GPL in 2003. It can be found in a lonely area of

I was always amazed about how quick pkzip replaced SEA ARC as the standard.

December 2, 2006 3:10 PM

Interesting story. I'll try 7zip.

Michael Horowitz
December 2, 2006 4:48 PM

Other nice things about 7-zip: The GUI is very simple and easy. No wizards, everything is in a single window. It can create self-extracting archives. Better yet, it can create encrypted, compressed, password protected, self-extracting archives.

miguel Pires
February 14, 2007 1:55 AM


I'm tring 7-zip in command line mode, do you know if it is possible to make 7-zip file with password?

I have try the option -p butte this will ask me a psw, and after compression if i try to use winrar to open 7zip file, i can and don't ask me for any password.


May 1, 2009 10:46 AM

I need to use commandline argument to extract a password protected zip file during unattended scheduled operation.

I see how to create an archive with password from commandline. But I have not found how to extract from commandline a password protected file except for attended use, when a human is there to provide a password in response to a prompt. Can anyone help?


The -p option worked for me on extraction as well.
- Leo
May 1, 2009 11:38 AM

I found it ... same as setting, just use -pPassword

7za e -pPasswordHere

July 7, 2009 9:55 AM

Dave: Your memory isn't that rusty. SEA sued Phil Katz for infringing on the ARC format. Katz then created the ZIP format and placed it in the public domain. The BB community was so incensed at SEA that they boycotted them and moved to PKZIP or another one of the ZIP tools.

July 7, 2009 11:06 AM

Thanks, Leo! I was just about to plunk down $15 to upgrade my WinZip. Now I'll download 7-Zip instead (and buy Leo a Latte to celebrate :-) ).

July 7, 2009 5:14 PM

I used WinZip for years, but no longer. Then, I used 7-Zip for awhile, until I read somewhere about ZipItFree. ZipItFree is so simple to use, even a newbie can do it. I love it. This program is also, FREE!!!

Check it out for yourself. Another important aspect, the files you get from Micro Smart are clean, safe and small in size. I am only 'bothered' by them, when there has been a new version or update available. The online Help is quite good, as well. They take you through how to create a Zip file, with various screenshots of their program.

ahmad reza atef
July 8, 2009 2:00 PM

Dear Sir

I have file with extention
from 001 till 008 that i want to extract i've installed but in its option i cant find 001 how could i extract them

Kenyan dude in Kenya
May 19, 2010 5:48 AM

Thanks man for the 7-zip tip! I owe you lunch.

July 13, 2011 5:16 PM

Just wanted to thank you for the recommendation to use 7 Zip to encrypt when sending files. Works great! Thank you! Btw, I encrypted with .zip as oppose to .7z format because I figured the recipient wouldn't need special software ... should I have stuck with .7z?
Many thanks,


Mark J
July 13, 2011 7:07 PM

Compressing to .zip instead of.7z is a good idea for the reasons you expressed.

July 19, 2011 2:23 PM

As a note, when you encrypt in 7z format, you can also encrypt the list of files.

Peter E
August 23, 2011 3:13 PM

Problem with 7 Zip is that there do not appear to be any user instructions! Fine for those who have a better understanding of these things, but some of us need a little more help.

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