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It can be confusing to remove multi-boot choices for operating systems that have been removed. We'll walk through the simple process for Windows 7.

I have downloaded the retail version of Windows 7 on my "C" drive, but I am unable to remove the boot choice which previously allowed me to either open the RC Windows 7 on another internal HD, or open the Windows Vista OS on my "C" drive. I did format the other HD, which I now use for backups only. The "Startup and Recovery" pop-up window referred to in your last newsletter, which I looked up, does not provide an option to carry out the "edit". Apart from the other details as per your illustration the "edit" option is simply not shown. Please enlighten me how to otherwise remove this 2nd boot choice.

Yep, things changed (back in Vista, I believe).

The good news is that it's still pretty easy to modify your boot choices.

You just need to drop to the Windows Command prompt - as administrator, of course.

Editing boot choices has become significantly more powerful, but has moved to a command-line tool.

Fire up a Windows Command Prompt, making sure to run it as administrator (right click on the shortcut and select "Run as administrator"):

Command Prompt, run as administrator

In the command prompt, run bcdedit /enum - here's the result from my Windows 7 machine:

bcdedit /enum

Windows Boot Manager
identifier              {bootmgr}
device                  partition=C:
description             Windows Boot Manager
locale                  en-US
inherit                 {globalsettings}
default                 {current}
resumeobject            {8fe75379-c446-11de-9f1d-ab62aca77990}
displayorder            {current}
toolsdisplayorder       {memdiag}
timeout                 30

Windows Boot Loader
identifier              {current}
device                  partition=C:
path                    \Windows\system32\winload.exe
description             Windows 7
locale                  en-US
inherit                 {bootloadersettings}
recoverysequence        {8fe7537b-c446-11de-9f1d-ab62aca77990}
recoveryenabled         Yes
osdevice                partition=C:
systemroot              \Windows
resumeobject            {8fe75379-c446-11de-9f1d-ab62aca77990}
nx                      OptIn

I've highlighted the identifier "{current}" - each Windows Boot Loader will have its own unique identifier, and that's what you'll use in the next step.

To simply delete one of the boot options, type bcdedit /delete {identifier}, where "identifier" is replaced with the identifier for the boot option you want removed.

For example, if I wanted to remove my current boot option (and in my case render my machine unbootable), I'd enter:

bcdedit /delete {current}

Since "{current}" is the identifier of my one and only boot choice.

And no, I didn't.

But that bringw up a very good point: as you can imagine, used improperly, bcdedit can indeed render your machine unbootable, which can only then be fixed by booting from the Windows 7 install or recovery disk and running repair tools.

And finally, if you're interested in all that bcdedit can do, enter bcdedit /? for a full list of options.

Use it with caution.

Article C3915 - October 30, 2009 « »

Leo Leo A. Notenboom has been playing with computers since he was required to take a programming class in 1976. An 18 year career as a programmer at Microsoft soon followed. After "retiring" in 2001, Leo started Ask Leo! in 2003 as a place for answers to common computer and technical questions. More about Leo.

Not what you needed?

November 3, 2009 10:07 AM

I think a great many folks may do well by downloading EasyBCD from NeoSmart from here--> Having a familiar user interface may make the experiance a little less frightening than working from the command prompt.

Frank Golden
November 3, 2009 3:24 PM

Yep, EasyBCD is what I use.

Glenn P.
November 6, 2009 1:08 PM

One word: "Backup". In this case, a full-disk backup. Using an "outside-of-Windows" utility such as BootItNG (which is what I use).

That way, if you Goof Up and render your machine unbootable -- well, it's unbootable to WINDOWS, but it SHOULD still be bootable to BootItNG! -- you can restore your disk to its original state and can try out your fumblethumbs all over again. :)

November 12, 2009 8:30 AM

I just get "This entry cannot be deleted unless the /f switch is specified on the command line".

Access is denied.

January 28, 2010 11:11 AM

Same issue: cannot delete unless /f switch is specified on command line.
Any suggestion or do I just add the switch to the command so it going to look like:
bcdedit /delete {ntldr} /F

January 28, 2010 12:12 PM

Just found the answer: yes you have to add /F as suggested to force the deletion of ntldr.

January 29, 2010 4:59 AM

Sorry I have a question too! I have by mistake remove the working OS from my laptop using the above steps and prompt not to show me choise when boot and I'm left with an OS that doesn't work, My laptop does not have a CD so how can I get to choose back. to adjust it in My computer right click propery... or on the command prompt, I have to first boot in the working OS.

February 6, 2010 12:15 PM

I've just installed win 7.

but I have an old partial/failed install of win XP in my boot choices. under my previous (succesfully installed XP) i could remove this partial install from the boot choice.

do you guys know how to remove it from the boot choice in win 7?

February 8, 2010 4:27 PM

Thank you, Leo, this is getting close to where I need to go and, yes, I prefer to err on the side of caution. In my case, two drives are involved; please, allow me to explain.

When I first built this system a few years ago I installed the OEM version of Vista 64 Ultimate on C:\ drive.

Recently, after downloading and installing Windows 7 Ultimate 64 Upgrade on top of the Vista 64 Ultimate soon after I noticed something in one of the error logs that the drive was fixing to go south so...

I reinstalled Windows 7 Ultimate 64 Upgrade on D:\ drive after which I had two 'Window 7' choices at bootup so...

On the D:\Windows 7 side I went into Computer/(right click) Properties/Advanced System Settings/Startup and Recovery/Settings/System Startup and set it for the Windows 7 on D:\ drive.

Well, now, on startup, it skips by the boot menu and starts fine but...

1) when I try to unplug the C:\ drive it locks up on startup and

2) I cannot uninstall or format the C:\ drive; which, logically, would appear to be something I do not want to do until I have the D:\ drive working entirely on its own.

3) I assume after I have this straightened out and the old C:\ drive disconnected I can then go into Administrative Tools/Computer Management/Storage and rename D:\ to C:\ although, again, erring on the side of caution, I have to question if the system will make all the necessary changes in Windows Boot Manager or is this something I need to have more of a hands on issue?

Meanwhile, here is what happens when I follow your instructions on bcedit /enum:

D:\Windows\system32>bcdedit /enum

Windows Boot Manager
Identifier {bootmgr}
device partition=C:
Description Windows Boot Manager
locale en=US
inherit (globalsettings)
default (current)
resumeobject (0c167404-020e-11df-8f47-ada41604211e
displayorder (current)
toolsdisplayorder (memdiag)
timeout 30

Windows Boot Loader
identifier (current)
Device partition=D:
path \Windows\system32\winload.exe
description Windows 7
locale en=US
inherit (bootloadersettings)
recoverysequence (0c167402-020e-11df-8f47-ada41604211e
recoveryenabled Yes
osdevice partition=D:
systemroot \Windows
resumeobject 0c167400-020e-11df-8f47-ada41604211e
nx OptIn


Now, as best I can understand what you are saying is that, in the end, "device partition=C:" under the Windows Boot Manager section should read "partition=D:" but I'm not sure how to proceed since "Current" in both sections (Windows Boot Manager and Windows Boot Loader) point to both partition C: and partition d:)

Is this a simple matter of:

"bcdedit /delete {partition=C:}"

or is this more involved requiring additional steps?

Thanks ever so much for all your help!

February 19, 2010 10:36 PM

Just use msconfig. windows key + r then type msconfig. There is a tab labeled boot, and the boot choices are listed there, with the current OS labeled.

Delete the choices you no longer use.

Now you can pick up all the hair you scratched out trying to figure out the cmd prompt stuff;-}

February 21, 2010 8:25 AM

Thanks, Cosmo, I had already done that and when I tried to disconnect the original C: drive I received the 'no boot manager' message.

Although, what I did do after reading your post, was to disconnect the C: drive and insert the Windows 7 disc and use the repair/start up options.

That worked, though I did have to go into MSCONFIG and delete the preinstall [ghost?] that showed up, presumably, from starting the install disc. I then formatted/renamed the C: drive to R: and loaded it with the appropriate files.

My problem now is that the drive D: with the Windows 7 OS and related Program Files will not rename to C:. I keep getting an 'invalid parameter' message.

I'm at a loss as to how to get around that little speed bump and wonder if I do manage to get it renamed from D: to C: if it could in any way mess things up as there is a final 'doing this might cause some programs that rely on this to not start-are you sure?' warning message that pops up just before telling it to 'go' even though the next thing is the circled red 'x' 'invalid parameter' message with no explanation.


April 19, 2010 6:46 AM

i have windows 7 then i have install windows 7 then how display multi-boot choice?
plz help me

May 14, 2010 4:38 PM

bcdedit /delete{ntldr} do not work
it works as bcdedit /delete {ntldr} /f

June 26, 2010 4:03 AM

thnx, it worked.........

V S Rawat
October 30, 2010 1:28 AM

Thanks a gig, dear sir,

I had xp2009 on second hdd c: and w7 on this hdd c: previously, now I am used to w7 so don't really needed xp boot and so those options were not required, I had edited and even deleted boot.ini on both hdds, still it showed the options, even when the xp hdd is not at all connected, it was showing the option. I was so fed up.

I had been searching for this multiboot choice removal option for windows 7 for months on net. I found it here and it worked like a magic.

thanks a gig again, dear sir, for solving my long going problem.


John Dowd
November 1, 2010 6:59 AM

How do i Access boot.ini in Windows 7

Please read the article you just commented on. It answers this question.

John Aziz
February 10, 2011 7:47 AM

I use windows 7 and it was very helpful

February 17, 2011 3:09 AM

what do i do when i get this result ?
this entry cannot be deleted unless the /f switch is specified in the command line

Not trying to be a smart-ass here, but perhaps try what it tells you? Specify the /f switch.

February 22, 2011 1:20 PM

Well, I hit exactly the same problem. Specify the /f switch. As the /f switch is not documented in the help or shown in the commands it is a bit of a problem.

Good and useful article though.

I have a problem in that I have removed the old legacy entry {ntldr} in the boot store as shown in the article. But it still comes up with the menu at boot up with its timeout and a legacy "Recovery" partition. There is no entry for this in the bootstore so I do not know how to get rid of it. A possible work around is to set the timeout to 0 or a low value. At some point I will reformat the old operating system disk but I do not want to do that yet.

February 22, 2011 2:03 PM

I have now used the command "bcdedit /timeout 0" which means the boot menu is not displayed and that seems to work well.

Also there is a command "bcdedit /enum all" which displays a lot more entries. There were some that were RAMDISKS and associated with Recovery but as I did not understand well enough I did not risk deleting them.

There is also a command that will be something like "bcdedit /DISPLAYBOOTMENU 0" which may also work but I have not investigated.

March 6, 2011 4:51 PM

Yep I had the same problem. Your info worked perfectly. Thanks

May 24, 2011 7:00 PM

yesss!! thanks to your article, i could get rid of the annoying option which was left after i had installed linux using wubi..and later deleted the files! bt still one problem remains thats waithin fr 30 sec :(

June 24, 2011 2:17 AM

whats wrong with using run msconfig in windows 7? - its much simpler for us nitwits to work with as it opens up a nice window with all the options available and all with the click of a mouse!!!

Windows 7 Help
November 14, 2011 4:17 AM

Microsoft Corporation has been prompted to integrate a specific troubleshooter with Windows 7 help to counter the issue into its latest Windows 7.. here's another site that will be helpful on this is ..

Mario Salazar
February 10, 2012 9:55 AM

Thanks for all your help. You have saved me from at least a couple dozen binds over the years. I really do appreciate it!!!!

February 15, 2012 8:58 AM

i had three options: bootmgr, default, current.
Default was a drive that was removed, so it was a ghost. I deleted that drive option and was tempted to delete bootmgr too. I decided to restart before doing so and voila! it worked. so if you're tempted to delete bootmgr, DON'T! i'm not sure what will happen if you do. it might break everything!

Mr. Gratitude
January 2, 2013 1:57 AM

Awesome everything worked great! Been trying to find how to do this why out paying squat.

Dave s
March 9, 2013 7:58 PM

Great answer---worked perfectly!

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