Helping people with computers... one answer at a time.
Stopping spam is essentially an impossible task. We'll look at the steps you should be taking to stem the tide and stay sane.
Is there anything that can be done about the myriad of e-mails from " Nigeria, England, the FBI, etc., that want to give me millions to answer their e-mail? With my email all I can do is to mark then as "block sender" but this seems to be ineffective. I wish there was an address I could forward them to and let someone else have the "enjoyment" of reading them. Naturally, I don't answer them or click on the attachments. I just wish I could stop them.
Your question really boils down to "how do I stop spam?"
If there were an easy answer to that spam would no longer be the scourge that it is.
So, no, you can't stop them.
But there are things you can, and should, do.
I wouldn't bother blocking the sender. As you've seen, it doesn't work.
The "Block Sender" feature only works on the "From:" line and the sender - that "From:" address on the email - is typically fake and random. Rarely do multiple copies of the email come from the same address.
Typically, in the body of the message you'll find that there's some other way to contact the scammer should you want to. Even then, there are so many of these scammers that this account or contact method also changes over time.
If your email service or program has a "Junk", "Mark as Spam" or other reporting option, that's the thing to use.
On a PC based email program that "mark as spam" may boil down to nothing more than "block sender", which will continue to be ineffective for all the reasons I've already mentioned.
However, some email programs actually analyze the email's contents and use that to build a database of "things that look like spam". Thus at some point after having marked some number of copies of this scam as spam, your email program will effectively say "things that look like this are spam, so I'll just automatically filter it to the spam folder". That at least keeps it out of your inbox.
Email services that have a spam reporting mechanism work the same way, except they're taking reports from all their users to determine what "looks like" spam.
The downside is that it's still a guessing game. These spam filters can get it wrong, allowing spam through, or incorrectly blocking legitimate mail.
And of course spammers know that these tools are being used and try hard to work around them.
Yes, there are a couple of email addresses you can forward spam to so as to report it to authorities. Personally, I consider it a complete waste of time. Particularly when it comes to the scams that you mention these agencies have plenty of data. The issue is not that they don't know about the scams, the issue is tracking the scammers down, particularly when they're overseas in countries with questionable internet regulation.
Sometimes there's just nothing the authorities can do either. When you do hear of massive spammer busts it is typically based on a lot of research that the agencies have done themselves, not on individual emails that you or I might forward to them.
My approach to scams, and spam in general is very simple:
Use the "Junk" or "This is Spam" buttons in your email program if they are available. (But only for actual spam - it's not a lazy way to unsubscribe from emails you requested.)
Use the delete key liberally.
Get on with your life.
I find that spending a lot of time worrying about or even thinking about spam that makes it through assorted spam filters already in place is simply wasted effort.
Mark it. Delete it. Move on.
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