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Mapping a domain to an IP address is very easy with several tools, both on your machine and on the internet. I'll look at the two I use.
Is there a tool somewhere to translate from an URL to the IP address? My PC is in a LAN and I would like to find out the IP address (and port number) to a web or ftp site.
There's lots of tools.
Translating from a domain name to an IP address is something your computer has to do each time you access the internet. It's no surprise then that there are several tools in Windows. I'll show you the one I use all the time.
And of course there are even more tools out on the internet.
Let's first clear up a couple of things though.
A "URL" is a full specification to a page. For example:
Is a URL. It has three parts:
The protocol specifier: http:
The domain name: ask-leo.com
The page location: /who_is_leo.html
The protocol specifies the port that will be used. http, for example, is port 80. ftp uses ports 20 and 21. SMTP, the mail sending protocol, is usually on port 25. You can actually find the full list of "official" ports here.
It's only the domain name that has an IP address associated with it. So that's what you would be looking up.
My approach is to use the "ping" command in a Windows command prompt. For example:
Pinging ask-leo.com [188.8.131.52] with 32 bytes of data:
Reply from 184.108.40.206: bytes=32 time=65ms TTL=48
Reply from 220.127.116.11: bytes=32 time=67ms TTL=48
All you need is that first line, which tells you exactly what IP address the domain "ask-leo.com" resolves to.
Obviously the ping command does more, but it's easy and a habit I've gotten into for figuring out IP addresses quickly.
If you want a lot more information about a domain, then there are several tools out on the web that are worth looking into. One easy one is samspade.org. A single field into which you enter the domain name you're interested in, press WhoIs and you'll get a report much like this:
As you can see it displays the same IP address as above, as well as the registration and contact information about the domain.
There are a couple of catches with this type of lookup:
Not all registrars will show up this easily or quickly. Often you'll be redirected automatically or manually to another "WhoIs" lookup service that's hosted by the actual domain registrar.
Some folks go to great lengths to hide their domain ownership. Either by registering with false information, or by using a privacy service, the information presented here isn't always exactly what you're looking for. But it's a start.
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