Helping people with computers... one answer at a time.
Hiding your searches (potentially from the government) is not a practical reality as you need to use an outside service to search the internet at all.
I have Windows 7 in my computer and usually use Google to search the internet. I use Mozilla Thunderbird for email. My provider is AT&T/Yahoo. Now, that the government is requesting even more information about searches from Google, is there an invisible way to search without the information potentially being available to the federal government? I've never done anything illegal and I'm not doing anything illegal now or contemplate doing anything illegal, but I just believe that I have right to privacy unless the government has probable cause to allow them to legally access my information.
In this excerpt from Answercast #72, I look at the ways that the government could track your searches back to you on the chance that they would want to.
So to be clear, my understanding is the government isn't going to access your information unless they believe they have probable cause. They're not running out looking at everybody's information for the fun of it; they don't have the time - and as I've said, many, many times before, you and I as individuals, we are simply not that interesting. We get interesting when we start doing illegal things or suspicious things, and that's when the government (and potentially rightfully so) steps in and starts taking a look.
That being said, the short answer to your question is probably no.
The reason I say that is because - no matter how you search, you are using the services of a third-party: be it Google or Bing or Yahoo's search (which I guess is Bing now anyway) or DuckDuckGo (which actually uses other search engines behind the scenes).
All of that information about what you're searching for and where you're coming from are logged by those services. And of course, if necessary, the government can subpoena that information and get it from them.
Now, you can minimize it. You can certainly do that.
One thing to make sure of (for example, if you use Google) is to make sure that you're not logged into your Google account when you do your searches.
Google may still however associate the searches with you (for example, if you have ever logged into your Google account from that computer) because of course, it's keeping track of things like the IP address where requests come from.
The other thing (again, depending on your level of paranoia)... the other thing to do is to either:
Use an anonymization service (like Tor, I think would be one) which basically routes your request through other services and servers that actually hide your IP address (at the cost of being fairly slow);
Or go and use some other computer, maybe at a public library or something like that.
In general, in practice, it's not something I worry about.
I agree with you; I don't think the government has a reason to (or even has the right) to be snooping around in my stuff unless they have as you say, probable cause. But the fact is - I believe that they have enough work to do looking for the people that actually are doing illegal things than to have them worry about me.
So, those are the kinds of things.
I think that the practical reality (in terms of being able to use your
computer at home in a way that makes reasonable sense for you) is that it's
rare that you would be able to do it in a way that isn't somehow eventually
trackable back to you - should the government or law officials in general,
request information from the service providers (that you of necessity
will be using to do those searches.)
Next from Answercast 72 - "Will Outlook XP Work in Windows 8?"
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