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TCP/IP settings can be used to configure an assigned static IP address, override DNS settings, and more. I'll show you exactly where they are.

In Win7, where can you find the TCP/IP settings to set a static IP address?

The settings to control the TCP/IP protocol are fairly well buried in Windows - particularly so in Windows 7.

In this video segment from an Ask Leo! webinar, I'll show you exactly where to find them.

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Transcript

In Win7, where can you find the TCP/IP settings to set a static IP address?

Those suckers are buried - let me tell you! Let me go hide a couple things here and I will show you. So they way that I get to them, you can see the icon that I have down here that I have my mouse over is the network icon, which represents the current network connection.

I'm going to right-click that; open Network and Sharing center and you can see that it's on this connection called Local Area Connection. Each physical connection on your machine will probably have its own representation here. You may have multiple networks and so forth.

This is the one we're going to use. If I click on that, I now get Local Area Connection Status. Great! It's sending data; it's receiving data. We want Properties and right there is the TCP/IP v4 internet protocol driver. Once again, Properties - finally, we get to a dialog that allows you to specify to either obtain an IP address automatically, which 99% of you people should do.

It's the default for almost anything in the home and as you can see, it defaults to that here. Or you can Use the Following IP address and this is where you end up typing in your static IP address, Subnet mask, the default gateway, and so forth.

In this same dialog box, you can see that it also allows you to either obtain the DNS server automatically and DNS is the server that maps things (like ask-leo.com) to its IP address.

In my case, you can see I've got it hard coded. You can set it to get the address automatically at the same time that it gets its IP address or you can say, 'You know what? Ignore what it tells you. Use these for DNS.' Now, in my case, that first one 192.168.1.2 happens to be my Ubuntu Linux server down in my basement. I have it set up to be my own local DNS server for all of the machines on my network.

It's a speed improvement for me; it means that 90% of my DNS requests never actually have to go out on my slower internet connection. They can all get resolved right here in my home. If I ask for something for the first time, that DNS server knows to go search on the internet to find the answer.

That alternate DNS server - 4.2.2.2. I believe - that's my ISP. It's something that the technician tossed in when he was diagnosing or setting up my internet connection way back when. There are several DNS services you can use; Google has an open one (4.4.2.2 or 4.4.4.4, I'm not even sure anymore).

And the other that's worth looking into is Open DNS which, again, it claims to be one of the faster DNS services, but it also has the advantage of if you set up an account with them, they actually will implement all sorts of interesting filtering which can, especially if you're a parent, prevent access to malicious, pornographic, and other kinds of websites without your having to do anything at all to your computer.

So anyway, that's where it's hidden. There are obviously different ways to get here: Control Panel > Network and Internet > Network and Sharing Center. You can also, I think, change adapter settings to all of your different adapters. As you can see in this particular computer, I only have one, but that will get you to the static IP settings.

Article C5271 - April 29, 2012 « »

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Leo Leo A. Notenboom has been playing with computers since he was required to take a programming class in 1976. An 18 year career as a programmer at Microsoft soon followed. After "retiring" in 2001, Leo started Ask Leo! in 2003 as a place for answers to common computer and technical questions. More about Leo.

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3 Comments
Gabe
May 1, 2012 9:49 AM

4.2.2.2 is one of the original DNS servers I believe (I've always used 4.2.2.1 when pinging to test outside connection).

Google DNS servers are 8.8.8.8 and 8.8.4.4.

HTH

Maarten
May 1, 2012 10:57 AM

One can also use winkey + r, type in ncpa.cpl and right click on the network connection in use, go to properties and click TCP over IP v4.

In addition, you don't have to use the package of OpenDNS, although it has some advantages, one can only use the servers: 208.67.222.222 as primary and 208.67.220.220 and v.v.

Bill Landau
May 7, 2012 8:36 PM

4.2.2.1 and 4.2.2.2 are the primary and secondary DNS servers that Verizon provided for DSL subscribers. I ping 4.2.2.1 to determine if a client's computer has internet access, as it has near 100% uptime. When they introduced FiOS service, they also set up some newer, faster DNS servers, but I don't know the IP addresses offhand.

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