Helping people with computers... one answer at a time.
Checking the file system means that Windows is not shutting down correctly. I look at the proper ways to shut down a computer and how to avoid this error.
When I open my computer during the last weeks, I find the message saying it is checking the file system. I do not know why. Please tell me the reason and how I treat it.
In this excerpt from Answercast #9, I explain what "Checking the file system" means and look at ways to prevent it from happening on your computer.
What "checking the file system" means is that when Windows was shut down, something happened to the hard disk that left it in an incompletely finished state. It's often referred to as being "dirty." In other words, it wasn't cleaned before Windows was shut down.
After that happens, when Windows boots, it looks at the hard disk and it says, "Oh, this disk wasn't closed properly. Let me clean it up before I start Windows to make sure to avoid any errors that could be cleaned."
There are certain things that can't be cleaned up once Windows is running. So, by running the tool (the tool that runs is ChkDsk), by running ChkDsk before Windows starts, it's able to clean up and potentially repair the system on the hard disk before Windows runs.
Now, the single most common cause for this happening, especially if it happens on a regular basis, is not shutting down the computer properly.
What do I mean by that? I mean that you should always (and only) shut down your computer by using the Start menu and the Shut Down option.
Sometimes, a Power button on a laptop will initiate that. That's fine, but if you're not sure, use the Start menu and the Shut Down option.
What I often see people doing is holding down the Power button until the computer shuts off. That is the wrong way to do it and in fact, you are risking damaging files on your computer's hard drive.
You could actually lose data. You won't damage the hard drive, but you could lose data on your hard drive by shutting the system down improperly.
So make sure that you are shutting down properly by using the Start menu and
Shut Down option. Let Windows clean itself up as it shuts down and that should
in most cases, resolve the issue.
Back to - Answercast #9
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